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Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant


Kidney Transplant
Image Number: 175-028
Dimensions: 7 x 4 @ 400 dpi
Media Used: PS & 3D
Formats Available: Digital
Title: Kidney Transplant
Customization: Available
Image Description:  Who is eligable for a kidney transplant?

© Craig Zuckerman
Artist/Company Bio:
Craig has a BFA from RIT with a specialty in medical art. Over tha past twenty years, Craig has developed his skills as
an artist by accepting assignments that incorporate the human figure. In addition to figurative and cellular landscapes,
it is the storytelling of a visual that adds to the illustrating experience. In addition to working traditionally,
Craig has added digital media to his repertoire of skills for both 2D and 3D work. Currently, he works in a myriad of
industries, including advertising, editorial, medical-legal,
and commissioned portraiture.

More by this Artist

Additional Related Images to:
Kidney Transplant

  View Image #231-100 Kidney Transplant #231-100  
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Kidney transplant: diseased kidneys and a transplanted kidney

  View Image #175-028 Kidney Transplant #175-028  
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Who is eligable for a kidney transplant?

  View Image #118-103 Kidney Transplant Surgery #118-103  
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Kidney Transplant Surgery.In humans, the kidneys are located in the posterior part of the abdomen. There is one on each side of the spine; the right kidney sits just below the liver, the left below the diaphragm and adjacent to the spleen. Above each kidney is an adrenal gland (also called the suprarenal gland). The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity caused by the liver results in the right kidney being slightly lower than the left one while the left kidney is located slightly more medial. The kidneys are retroperitoneal. They are approximately at the vertebral level T12 to L3. The upper parts of the kidneys are partially protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs, and each whole kidney is surrounded by two layers of fat (the perirenal and pararenal fat) which help to cushion it. Congenital absence of one or both kidneys, known as unilateral or bilateral renal agenesis, can occur.

  View Image #135-021 Kidney Transplant Surgery #135-021  
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Two steps in kidney transplant surgery: Donor kidney placed in pelvis & sutured to iliac artery and vein and ureter of recipient.

  View Image #118-101 Kidney Transplant, Donor Recipient #118-101  
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Kidney Transplant, Donor Recipient. In most cases the barely functioning existing kidneys are not removed because this has been shown to increase the rates of surgical morbidities, the kidney is usually placed in a location different from the original kidney (often in the iliac fossa), and as a result it is often necessary to use a different blood supply: * The renal artery of the kidney, previously branching from the abdominal aorta in the donor, is often connected to the external iliac artery in the recipient. * The renal vein of the new kidney, previously draining to the inferior vena cava in the donor, is often connected to the external iliac vein in the recipient. Potential donors are carefully evaluated on medical and psychological grounds. This ensures that the donor is fit for surgery and has no kidney disease whilst confirming that the donor is purely altruistic. Traditionally the donor procedure has been through an incision but live donation has increasingly proceeded by laproscopic surgery. This reduces pain and accelerates return to work for the donor with minimal effect on the outcome of the kidney. Overall, recipients of kidneys from live donors do relatively well, in comparison to deceased donors. In 2004 the FDA approved the Cedars-Sinai High Dose IVIG therapy which eliminates the need for the living donor to be the same blood type (ABOcompatible) or even a tissue match. The therapy stops the recipient's immune system from rejecting the donated kidney.

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