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Kidneys Location

Kidneys Location


Kidneys Location
Image Number: 118-100
Dimensions: 1400 X 1100
Media Used: Digital Photoshop
Formats Available: Whatever required
Title: Kidneys Location
Customization: Available
Image Description:  Kidneys Location. In humans, the kidneys are located in the posterior part of the abdomen. There is one on each side of the spine; the right kidney sits just below the liver, the left below the diaphragm and adjacent to the spleen. Above each kidney is an adrenal gland (also called the suprarenal gland). The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity caused by the liver results in the right kidney being slightly lower than the left one while the left kidney is located slightly more medial. The kidneys are retroperitoneal. They are approximately at the vertebral level T12 to L3. The upper parts of the kidneys are partially protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs, and each whole kidney is surrounded by two layers of fat (the perirenal and pararenal fat) which help to cushion it. Congenital absence of one or both kidneys, known as unilateral or bilateral renal agenesis, can occur.

© Catherine Twomey
Artist/Company Bio:
Professional yet creative. Detailed yet capable of understanding and illustrating the most complex concept in the most straightforward way. Deadline oriented and accurate. Producer of some of the most beautifully colored and rendered work found today. Catherine Twomey is a Board Certified member of the Association of Medical Illustrators and a Founding member of the Illustrators Partnership of America. She has had her own successful business creating art for science and the healthcare industry for over 20 years. She has received many Awards of Excellence from the RX/Art Directors Club in New York City, the Association of Medical Illustrators and numerous other venues. Estimates are provided without charge. The stock section of Indexed Visuals carries 75 of Catherine's images available for licensing. Most images are produced in Photoshop layers, making it possible to modify images to fit your needs. Catherine's website at provides more samples and information. Catherine is a graduate of the Medical Illustration/Biomedical Visualization Program of the University of Illinois, B.S. in Biocommunication Arts/Medical Illustration, including U. of I. Medical School Sciences: human gross anatomy, physiology, neuroanatomy, histology, embryology, pathology. She also has a Masters Degree from Northern Illinois University Graduate School, M.S. in Art Education, Summa Cum Laude. Catherine provides her services to biotech and pharmaceutical companies, attorneys, major medical publishers of textbooks and journals, and consumer publications. Her illustrations have appeared worldwide, from every WalMart to the NBC Home show to the largest medical convention, RSNA (Radiogical Society of North America).

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Female silhouette with kidneys, aorta and renal arteries.

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