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Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney

Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney

 

Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney
Image Number: 118-099
Dimensions: 1400 X 1100
Media Used: Digital Photoshop
Formats Available: Whatever required
Title: Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney
Customization: Available
Image Description:  Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney. Surgeon's hand retroperitoneally removing the defective kidney. The surgery can take from 3 to 4 hours or more. You will be given general anesthesia. Your surgeon makes an incision in your lower abdomen and puts the new kidney in place. Then the surgeon connects the artery and vein of the new kidney to your own artery and vein. Your blood will then flow through the new kidney. The ureter from the new kidney will be connected to your bladder. Often, the new kidney will start making urine as soon as your blood starts flowing through it, but sometimes a few weeks pass before it starts working. Unless they are causing infection or high blood pressure, your own kidneys are left in place.

© Catherine Twomey
Portfolio
Artist/Company Bio:
Professional yet creative. Detailed yet capable of understanding and illustrating the most complex concept in the most straightforward way. Deadline oriented and accurate. Producer of some of the most beautifully colored and rendered work found today. Catherine Twomey is a Board Certified member of the Association of Medical Illustrators and a Founding member of the Illustrators Partnership of America. She has had her own successful business creating art for science and the healthcare industry for over 20 years. She has received many Awards of Excellence from the RX/Art Directors Club in New York City, the Association of Medical Illustrators and numerous other venues. Estimates are provided without charge. The stock section of Indexed Visuals carries 75 of Catherine's images available for licensing. Most images are produced in Photoshop layers, making it possible to modify images to fit your needs. Catherine's website at http://www.artistsart.com provides more samples and information. Catherine is a graduate of the Medical Illustration/Biomedical Visualization Program of the University of Illinois, B.S. in Biocommunication Arts/Medical Illustration, including U. of I. Medical School Sciences: human gross anatomy, physiology, neuroanatomy, histology, embryology, pathology. She also has a Masters Degree from Northern Illinois University Graduate School, M.S. in Art Education, Summa Cum Laude. Catherine provides her services to biotech and pharmaceutical companies, attorneys, major medical publishers of textbooks and journals, and consumer publications. Her illustrations have appeared worldwide, from every WalMart to the NBC Home show to the largest medical convention, RSNA (Radiogical Society of North America).

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Additional Related Images to:
Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney


  View Image #118-099 Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney #118-099  
 | Related Images [Click Here]
Kidney Transplant Surgical Removal of Kidney. Surgeon's hand retroperitoneally removing the defective kidney. The surgery can take from 3 to 4 hours or more. You will be given general anesthesia. Your surgeon makes an incision in your lower abdomen and puts the new kidney in place. Then the surgeon connects the artery and vein of the new kidney to your own artery and vein. Your blood will then flow through the new kidney. The ureter from the new kidney will be connected to your bladder. Often, the new kidney will start making urine as soon as your blood starts flowing through it, but sometimes a few weeks pass before it starts working. Unless they are causing infection or high blood pressure, your own kidneys are left in place.


  View Image #118-101 Kidney Transplant, Donor Recipient #118-101  
 | Related Images [Click Here]
Kidney Transplant, Donor Recipient. In most cases the barely functioning existing kidneys are not removed because this has been shown to increase the rates of surgical morbidities, the kidney is usually placed in a location different from the original kidney (often in the iliac fossa), and as a result it is often necessary to use a different blood supply: * The renal artery of the kidney, previously branching from the abdominal aorta in the donor, is often connected to the external iliac artery in the recipient. * The renal vein of the new kidney, previously draining to the inferior vena cava in the donor, is often connected to the external iliac vein in the recipient. Potential donors are carefully evaluated on medical and psychological grounds. This ensures that the donor is fit for surgery and has no kidney disease whilst confirming that the donor is purely altruistic. Traditionally the donor procedure has been through an incision but live donation has increasingly proceeded by laproscopic surgery. This reduces pain and accelerates return to work for the donor with minimal effect on the outcome of the kidney. Overall, recipients of kidneys from live donors do relatively well, in comparison to deceased donors. In 2004 the FDA approved the Cedars-Sinai High Dose IVIG therapy which eliminates the need for the living donor to be the same blood type (ABOcompatible) or even a tissue match. The therapy stops the recipient's immune system from rejecting the donated kidney.


  View Image #231-100 Kidney Transplant #231-100  
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Kidney transplant: diseased kidneys and a transplanted kidney


  View Image #175-028 Kidney Transplant #175-028  
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Who is eligable for a kidney transplant?


  View Image #118-103 Kidney Transplant Surgery #118-103  
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Kidney Transplant Surgery.In humans, the kidneys are located in the posterior part of the abdomen. There is one on each side of the spine; the right kidney sits just below the liver, the left below the diaphragm and adjacent to the spleen. Above each kidney is an adrenal gland (also called the suprarenal gland). The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity caused by the liver results in the right kidney being slightly lower than the left one while the left kidney is located slightly more medial. The kidneys are retroperitoneal. They are approximately at the vertebral level T12 to L3. The upper parts of the kidneys are partially protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs, and each whole kidney is surrounded by two layers of fat (the perirenal and pararenal fat) which help to cushion it. Congenital absence of one or both kidneys, known as unilateral or bilateral renal agenesis, can occur.

 
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