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Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter

Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter

 

Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter
Image Number: 101-108
Dimensions: 6x8@300dpi
Media Used: pen and ink
Formats Available: digital
Title: Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter
Customization: Available
Image Description:  Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter. The catheter is inserted within the peritoneal cavity.

© Bert Oppenheim
Portfolio
Artist/Company Bio:
Bert received his BFA from the Cleveland Institute of Art in Medical Illustration and a Masters Degree from the Department of Art as Applied to Medicine from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He has been an active member of the Association of Medical Illustrators for 20 years and recently completed a 4 year term on the Board of Governors. He currently lives outside of Boston where he maintains his freelance illustration and animation business. Specialties include editorial illustration and 3D computer animation for the pharmaceutical and advertising markets. Over the past 14 years Bert has created high-end 3D computer animation using Softimage on an SGI platform.

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Additional Related Images to:
Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter


  View Image #101-108 Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter #101-108  
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Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter. The catheter is inserted within the peritoneal cavity.


  View Image #118-102 Dialysis #118-102  
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Dialysis. With peritoneal dialysis (PD), you have some choices in treating advanced and permanent kidney failure. Since the 1980s, when PD first became a practical and widespread treatment for kidney failure, much has been learned about how to make PD more effective and minimize side effects. Since you don’t have to schedule dialysis sessions at a center, PD gives you more control. You can give yourself treatments at home, at work, or on trips. But this independence makes it especially important that you work closely with your health care team: your nephrologist, dialysis nurse, dialysis technician, dietitian, and social worker. But the most important members of your health care team are you and your family. By learning about your treatment, you can work with your health care team to give yourself the best possible results, and you can lead a full, active life. Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, harmful wastes build up in your body, your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. When this happens, you need treatment to replace the work of your failed kidneys. In PD, a soft tube called a catheter is used to fill your abdomen with a cleansing liquid called dialysis solution. The walls of your abdominal cavity are lined with a membrane called the peritoneum, which allows waste products and extra fluid to pass from your blood into the dialysis solution. The solution contains a sugar called dextrose that will pull wastes and extra fluid into the abdominal cavity. These wastes and fluid then leave your body when the dialysis solution is drained. The used solution, containing wastes and extra fluid, is then thrown away. The process of draining and filling is called an exchange and takes about 30 to 40 minutes. The period the dialysis solution is in your abdomen is called the dwell time. A typical schedule calls for four exchanges a day, each with a dwell time of 4 to 6 hours. Different types of PD have different schedules of daily exchanges. One form of PD, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), doesn’t require a machine. As the word ambulatory suggests, you can walk around with the dialysis solution in your abdomen. Another form of PD, continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), requires a machine called a cycler to fill and drain your abdomen, usually while you sleep. CCPD is also sometimes called automated peritoneal dialysis (APD).


  View Image #118-097 Kidney Surgery, Retroperitoneal Space #118-097  
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Kidney Surgery, Retroperitoneal Space. The kidneys are retroperitoneal. Unlike other GI organs that begin development with a mesentery then fuse to the body wall, the kidneys are stuck there from the beginning. Besides their peritoneal covering, each is embedded in two layers of fat, with a membrane, the renal fascia, in between the layers. Inside the renal fascia is the perirenal fat, while outside the membrane is the pararenal fat. (The perirenal layer is inside, while the pararenal layer is around the renal fascia.) With regard to the relationships of the kidneys to other structures, think about the posterior and the anterior surfaces. The superior 1/3 of the posterior surface lies against the diaphragm. The remaining 2/3 is inferior to the diaphragm, and therefore contacts the quadratus lumborum muscle. The subcostal nerve and vessels run posterior to the kidneys on either side. (The kidney is somewhat protected by the twelfth rib.) The anterior relationships are different on each side, except that both kidneys are capped superomedially by a suprarenal (adrenal) gland. The right kidney contacts the descending (2nd) portion of the duodenum, the right lobe of the liver, the right colic (hepatic) flexure, and some coils of jejunum. The left kidney contacts the pancreas, the stomach, the spleen, the left colic (splenic) flexure, and some coils of jejunum.


  View Image #100-127 Heart - Catheter #100-127  
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Image of heart with catheter inserted.


  View Image #118-106 Hemodialysis, Kidney Disease #118-106  
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Hemodialysis, Kidney Disease. A procedure in which impurities or wastes are removed from the blood. The patient's blood is shunted from the body through a machine for diffusion and ultrafiltration and returned to the patient's circulation. This procedure is used in treating renal failure and various toxic conditions. Without this, toxic wastes build up in the blood and tissues and cannot be filtered out by the ailing kidneys. This condition is known as uremia, which means “urine in the blood.” Eventually, this waste buildup leads to death.

 
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